National research (PRIN 2010 – 2011)
The objective of the research project is the preservation, the study and the popularisation of the Architectural Perspectives (AP). The project pursues this aim through the development and the application of the most advanced communication technologies (ICT). The main topic of this research project, namely the Perspective, has a strongly European character, and as such it is acknowledged and shared.
Perspective is transversal in Europe: worldly speaking, because it starts from the evidences of Roman wall paintings, arriving at the Baroque illusions; spatially speaking, because there is no region or European language which has not employed the Perspective, often borrowing solutions from one country to another; culturally speaking, because Perspective is the synthesis of science and art, and it is always developed interchanging the geometric and projective theoretical speculations, and the practising of the drawing and the architecture.
The Perspective, which this research project considers a privileged case study, is that of the geometric structures that, painted onto walls (2D) or carried out in dimensions (3D), are able to evoke an illusory depth of the architectural space. A good example of the 2D kind is the fresco painted by Agostino Tassi at Lancellotti Palace, in Rome (1621 – 1623).
Italy and all Europe have a cultural heritage of Architectural Perspectives (AP) which extent, complexity and historical importance, for science and for art, is,currently, inestimable.
This project foresees, among its main activities, the study and the validation of survey techniques and procedures, of registration, of classification of the Architectural Perspectives, at the end of achieving a first global valuation, and inductive, of the Italian cultural heritage. This also explains the very high number of Operational Units and their distribution on the territory.
Among these techniques is the Photography in ultra high resolution, which this research project will give a reliable measurement quality, such as to guarantee a documentation that is useful for the preservation. The urge of this kind of experimentation is evidenced, just to cite one example among many, by the fragile and precarious condition of Pompei.
The gathering and the diffusion of the data, do also have another value, because all these Perspectives are ‘treatises without words’ of geometrical science and their comparative examination is therefore an innovative tool for the development of the knowledge at historical scientific level. In particular, the project foresees the application of statistical methods to the analysis of the Perspective structures, like those already tested with success at the measurements of the double ration in the frescoes of Augustan age.
The digital techniques for the Perspective rendering and 3D modelling will give us the opportunity to study the proportional, compositional and stylistic aspects of the represented illusory spaces. These features do often have close relationships with the environment that houses the Perspective scenes, as these reconstructions highlight. The 3D documentation will also be useful to ensure the diffusion of the results.
Although the architectural Perspectives have always amazed the non-expert visitor, these kind of Perspectives are still not very well-known, maybe also because a systematic study, like the one this research project would like to contribute to, has never been undertaken. It is therefore not the least important part of this research project, the experimentation and the validation of innovative techniques of broad-spectrum communication of the essential data, collected and interpreted. With this objective in mind, and taking advantage of the experience matured through the previous research projects (2005 and 2008), techniques of interactive navigation of the spaces will be used, as well as techniques of Augmented reality implemented on tablets and smartphones.